Thursday, May 17, 2012

What Causes, Symptom, Impact of Toothaches During Pregnancy and How to Avoid it

In addition to physically and mentally to be prepared, oral health also need to consider when you're pregnant. Why? Because of a toothache during pregnancy can cause the patient can not eat properly so that pregnant women be less appetizing to eat. It will certainly affect the nutrition of the fetus. Below are things you should know about toothache:


1. Mild inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) which is known too late.
Hormonal changes in pregnant women may aggravate the inflammatory reaction. Gingivitis is usually due to calcification of dental plaque has been the result of the remnants of food, poor fillings, and denture quality is not good.

2. Hormonal imbalance.
Increased concentrations of the estrogen and progesterone hormones during pregnancy have varying effects on maternal body, including the widening of blood vessels that lead to increased blood flow so that the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. But, if oral hygiene properly maintained during pregnancy, significant changes in the gum is rare.


In the first to the third trimester of pregnancy usually appear enlarged gums that bleed easily. This is because gum excessive to response local irritation. Then in a few days before and after childbirth, gums will return to normal as before pregnancy. Gums will look like a rounded, smooth, shiny, bright-red, soft consistency, bleed easily when exposed to the touch.


Do not let pregnant women had a tooth infection during pregnancy, because it can lead to increased prostaglandin hormones. Due to this increase in prostaglandin hormones the uterus will contract and tightening. This contraction will push the fetus. If allowed to continue contraction will cause the baby is born prematurely.


1. Dental health check before deciding to become pregnant.
Dentist will eliminate all kinds of local irritants such as plaque, calculus, food scraps, repair patches, and fixes the poor denture.

2. Increase your daily dental health care.
Activities such as brushing teeth after every meal and at bedtime. And keep the intake of food properly.

3. If the tooth extraction should be done, talk to your doctor about the effects on the fetus. The safest phase to do tooth extraction is in the second trimester.


  1. Toothaches during pregnancy can happen for any number of reasons. Pregnant women, like everyone else, get routine dental irritations and can have tooth or gum pain unrelated to pregnancy. However, note Heidi Murkoff and Sharon Mazel in their book "What To Expect When You're Expecting," pregnant women also have high hormone levels that make their gums more sensitive and porous than usual. This can lead to increased likelihood of gum and tooth irritation, and toothache. If the toothache lasts for long then visit your dentist to get complete care