Friday, May 18, 2012

7 Health Risks Pregnancy at a Young Age

Every pregnancy should be well planned. in addition to physical and mental condition to be healthy, maternal age is also noteworthy. Even when women began to enter the fertile period and ready to reproduce at the age of menarche or first menstruation, but in fact their reproductive organs have not been ready enough to welcome the presence of the fetus. There are many health issues lurking pregnant women at a young age. Below are some risks that can be experienced by pregnant women at a young age:

1. Endometrium has not been strong enough.
Sloughing of the uterine lining at each menstrual period is still unperfect. This is less conducive to the attachment of the embryo into the uterine wall. The risks are easy miscarried fetus and the probability are three times more higher than those who were pregnant at the age of 25 years old. Other risks are fetal growth unhealthy or Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR).

2. Immature ovum.
Woman's ovaries are still too young to learn to produce qualified ovum. If these ovum fertilized, no one can guarantee the quality of the embryos.

3. Uterus and pelvic organs to accommodate the fetus has not been strong enough.
Reproductive organs such as uterus, cervix and the muscles in the pelvic ligaments is still immature and not strong enough, so it is not ready to function properly in support of pregnancy and childbirth. The risks are miscarriage, bleeding, premature labor, pelvic organ prolapse, and even rupture. Young pregnant women are also 4 times higher threatened for serious injury during childbirth.

4. Risk of high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia.
The cause is a young mother's body has not the strength to endure the pregnancy so that metabolism is easily distracted. Symptoms of high blood pressure is generally not detected in early pregnancy. But, in the middle of pregnancy, pregnant women can suddenly had a seizure, bleeding, and even became into eclampsia that life-threatening mother and fetus.

5. Anemia.
Anemia can cause impaired fetal growth and development. The cause is the mother body's metabolism is not yet perfect when she gets the extra blood volume due to pregnancy, is also due to a diet low in iron because young women tend to frequent dieting. This is the reason why young women who become pregnant must undergo a blood test to detect anemia and thalassemia.

6. Unrealized Pregnancy.
In many cases of early pregnancy, the mother realized too late gestation due to pre-pregnancy still have irregular menstrual cycles, so it is considered as a normal condition. Because pregnancy is not realized, the young mother may have to do unhealthy lifestyle such as diet, alcohol consumption, smoking exposure, which can interfere with pregnancy and fetal growth, leading to premature labor or babies born with low weight.

7. Risk of cervical cancer and genital disease.
Women who have an active sexual intercourse at the age under 20 years old, have a higher risk for contracting a viral infection of the reproductive organs, such as the Human Papilloma Virus causes cervical cancer, and also attacks of sexual genital diseases, including Chlamydia can cause eye infections and pneumonia in infants, or syphilis can cause blindness in infants, and maternal and fetal mortality.

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